HAWAI‘I INVASIVE SPECIES COUNCIL
Resolution No. 12-1
SUPPORTING THE MICRONESIAN BIOSECURITY PLAN REVIEW AND IMPLEMENTATION, AND REQUESTING THE INCLUSION OF HAWAI‘I AS A POTENTIAL RECIPIENT OF INVASIVE SPECIES.
See http://malamahawaii.org/hawaiigreengrowth/files/2012/01/HISC-MBP-Resolution-Jan-2012.pdf for the full resolution.
According to the Record of Decision for the Guam Military Buildup, the Navy planned to release the MBP for public review during March 2011.
Some documents about the Micronesia Biosecurity Plan have been made available on a web page put together for the 17th Micronesian Chief Executive Summit at:
Look near the bottom of the page.
Ken Quintenilla, KUAM News, February 16, 2012: Rhino beetle infestation spreading
I have my Google Alerts to send me email whenever "Guam" and "rhino beetle" are found on new web pages. Today, I got an alert with an unusual title "A vote for the Lost Bunny of the Apocalypse is a vote for Guam". Apparently, a political cartoonist in Chicago has included our beloved rhino beetle and brown treesnake in his cartoons. Follow this link to see the full story by Erin Thompson at Guam Pacific News.
A January 18, 2012 article in the Palau newspaper, Island Times, is entitled "Micronesia Biosecurity Plan Nears Completion". The article features quotes from Fred Sengebau, Director of the Palau Bureau of Agriculture. Sengebau said that the plan will contain recommendations for strengthening biosecurity – preventing invasive species – for all of Micronesia, including Palau.
The MBP was initiated by the US Navy to mitigate an expecting increase in arrival and spread of invasive species in Micronesia as a consequence of the Guam military buildup. The Navy referred to the MBP in the environmental impact statement for the buildup, but it was not released for public comment prior to the record of decision (ROD). In the ROD, the Navy made the following commitment. "MBP development will continue after the ROD with the APHIS, USGS, and SERC Risk Assessment and Biosecurity Plans anticipated in December 2010 for review by DoN and NISC. The Final MBP is anticipated in March 2011 and will be made available for public review."
The Navy currently anticipates release of the MBP in March 2012.
On 01/09/12 four soil samples from four different GMF sinks (Ada, Oka, Fujita 1&2) were taken and placed into glass jars containing healthy CRB larvae to see if they would get infected by the GMF growing in the soil. In total, six 1sts, 7 2nds and three 3rds were placed into separate jars. Also, all female beetles that are found in the GMF sinks are now being collected and brought in to test in this experiment.
Ada jar numbers:
0026: 1st instar
0036: 2nd instar
0033: 3rd instar
0037: 1st instar
Oka jar numbers:
Adult CRB jars:
One week later, the jars were checked.
0026: 1st was dead and disintegrated
0026: the 2nd was near death, not moving and turning hard
0033: 3rd still alive and active, but with black fluid coming out of its mouth
0037: 1st dead and green
Oka: 0038 alive
0039: alive with black fluid coming from mouth
0040: dead with green/white coloring
0031: alive with black fluid coming from mouth
0025: dead and disintegrated
On 01/25/12 all jars were checked again and all the larvae were dead and covered with green hyphae. The adult beetles were still alive.
A GMF (Green Muscardine Fungus / Metharhizium anisopliae) sink is a method of attracting and killing Coconut Rhinoceros Beetles in their various life stages by means of building a ground trap. This ground trap consists of four coconut logs arranged as a squareshaped confinement on the ground, with either chipped wood or decaying coconut debris and soil in the center. The coconut logs and soil attract the beetles to the trap, where they breed and lay their eggs. Additionally, a pheromone lure is added to the trap to ensure that a large amount of beetles is attracted to the sink. The soil/debris in the center has been treated with the Green Muscardine Fungus, usually approximately 350 g, which leads to the death of the CRB within 14 to 21 days. In the time that the larvae and or adult beetles are still alive, they are capable of infecting other healthy beetles with the fungus as well. The sinks are then covered with coconut fronds to prevent UVA/UVB rays from damaging the growth of GMF. In order for GMF to grow well, it needs warm temperatures and high humidity. If this is provided, the fungus can remain active in the soil for several months up to one year. We are currently inspecting these sinks every two weeks, re-applying GMF to them and recording the number of beetles and larvae (dead and alive) found inside the traps.
List of Insects and Mites Attacking Crops in Micronesia - contains insects attacking some trees, but currently in need of updating.
List of Insect Pest Fact Sheets - includes the "Tree Pests of the Marianas Series"
The book, Traditional Trees of Pacific Islands: Their Culture, Environment, and Use edited by Craig R. Elevitch is a fantastic reource for info on trees in the Pacific. Tree species profiles can be downloaded and each contains a section on diseases and pests. (Thanks to Phoebe Wall for suggesting this resource.)
The USDA Forest Service publishes an annual Forest Pest Hilights for the US affiliated Pacific Islands, a good resource for evolving pest issues in Pacific Island forestry.